Hypertension is the pressure that is continuously 140/90 or higher. You are put in the pre-hypertensive category by every reading between these stages, raising the risk of stroke, heart attack, heart failure, and kidney failure.
It is called the “silent killer” because, without even recognizing or feeling any high blood pressure symptoms, a person may have hypertension for years. It makes it harder for your heart, arteries, and blood vessels to function and is a significant risk factor that affects your major organs adversely.
What is blood pressure?
It is measured by the combination of two measures, systolic pressure (pressure present in the artery during heart contractions) and diastolic pressure (pressure present in the artery during relaxation of the heart). It is measured in millimeters of mercury and referred to as “mmHg.” The systolic reading over the diastolic reading, such as 115/70 mmHg, provide it.
The tone in the artery influences both systolic and diastolic pressures. Normal-toned arteries are versatile and help to maintain lower blood pressure. Rigid, tone-free inflexible arteries (atherosclerosis) contribute to higher levels.
What is the difference between hypertension that is essential and hypertension secondary?
It is referred to as “essential hypertension” (or primary hypertension) when the cause or causes of high blood pressure are unclear. It is called “secondary hypertension” when a particular cause is found. Young children typically have secondary hypertension, whereas critical hypertension is generally diagnosed in older children, teenagers, and adults.
Hypertension and being pregnant
During pregnancy, hypertension is referred to as “gestational hypertension,” replacing the older term “hypertension caused by pregnancy.” In this scenario, the expectant mother experiences an increase in blood pressure, maintains water and has protein in her urine. Preeclampsia and toxemia are closely associated with diseases and are responsible for the annual deaths of 76,000 mothers and 500,000 children.
Medications and hypertension
In 2019, deaths caused by unintended reactions with drugs (taking more than one prescription drug) reached 25,838. The FDA has estimated that there are more than 2 MILLION adverse drug reactions (taking a single prescription drug) and more than 106,000 DEATHS annually.
Most individuals believe that over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are safe. Uh, not real! For example, both alcohol and antihistamine are used in a common OTC medicine for “helping get a better night’s sleep”; these two ingredients can inhibit breathing and slow the heart rate. The mixture could be lethal for someone already taking a narcotic, which often depresses breathing.
It can be fatal to even combine OTC drugs and medicines for high blood pressure. An increase in blood pressure levels is potentially caused by many prescription and OTC medications, which can be life-threatening for people already suffering from hypertension.
The latest studies have shown that patients with hypertension who are taking a specific beta-blocker are 51 percent more likely than those taking a calcium channel blocker to develop new-onset diabetes. Taking hypertension prescription drugs can cause many adverse side effects, often leading to death.
For those without hypertension, treatment should be the first option. The target for those already living from the disorder should be to eradicate the cause without medications.